Agerola

 

Agerola (Ajërl in Neapolitan) is a town of just over 7000 inhabitants, located in a basin in the Lattari mountains about 600 m above sea level and bordering the towns of Amalfi, Positano, Scala and Praiano.

Unlike the latter, Agerola is part of the province of Naples, although in the past it was fully part of the Amalfi Republic.
Its privileged position – very close to the Amalfi coast but at the same time also close to Pompeii, Naples, Caserta – makes it perfect as a starting point to visit some of the most important sites in the world.

 

A very peaceful and pleasant country to live in, Agerola offers a multiplicity of landscapes and activities to be carried out. (Discover the Relax offer)

 

With its extensive horseshoe shape, Agerola allows you to enjoy from its belvedere of San Lazzaro and Bomerano a panoramic view of the whole Amalfi and Sorrento coast up to the faraglioni of Capri but also of mountain landscapes of the hinterland and the peaks of the Lattari Mountains, which surround it behind. There are numerous mountain paths, in addition to the now famous Path of the Gods.

The agricultural vocation of the country has led to tracing the toponym to the Latin ager = field; however there is a second hypothesis, advanced by the historian Matteo Camera, according to which the name can also derive from the Latin word aëreus in the sense of “high place”.

Finally, there is a third thesis that would make the toponym derive from Jerula = gerla, perhaps due to the basin shape of the plateau on which the village is built. And in fact, even today, Agerola in the dialect of Agerola is pronounced “Ajérl”.

The first traces of human presence in the territory probably date back to the Early Iron Age.

In Roman times the area was full of “rustic villas” especially in the flat part, so it is supposed that it was widely cultivated due to its privileged position.

Following the damage caused by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, the ground was covered by a meter and a half pumice which was a certain depopulation even if the cattle breeding had to remain flourishing, so that in the second half of the second century AD, Galen, doctor of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus, in the “De method memendi” (V, 12) boasted the goodness and the therapeutic qualities of milk produced in the Lattari Mountains (Lactarius mons) so that Cassiodoro (Variae, XI 10) wrote between 533 and 537 AD that the king of the Goths had ordered his servant to resort to the “remedia lactarii montis”, since the care of the doctors did not help him.

In the central centuries of the Middle Ages the basin of Agerola was repopulated and developed in its 5 houses: Campulo, Memoranum, Planillum, Ponte and San Lazzaro, parallel to the flowering of the Costiera and the establishment of the Duchy of Amalfi. It became an integral part of the territory of Amalfi with which it shared commercial exchanges that connected it to the entire Mediterranean, to Byzantium and, of course, to Naples. It became the site of a manufacturing of silk fabrics in which the agerolesi became specialized.

In the centuries that followed, the commune became part of the Kingdom of Naples, which followed the alternating events up to the Unification of Italy.

In the eighteenth century Agerola lived a very prosperous period, during which there was a reduction in taxes, an improvement in economic conditions, which is attested by the exponential growth in the number of its inhabitants and the sharp decline in banditry.

The sharing of the inspiring ideas of the French Revolution by the arerolian nobles residing in Naples, made sure that Agerola immediately adhered to the democratic constitution of the Neapolitan Republic, so much so that it was planted in the open space in front of the Madonna di Loreto church, in the hamlet of Campora, a lime tree. , a symbol of freedom, which has since been replanted ever since.

In the nineteenth century the dominant figure was the general Paul Avitabile who built his fortune by first serving the Bourbon army, then the Maharajah of Lahore. In 1854 the general obtained the splitting of Agerola from the province of Salerno (Principato Citeriore) to aggregate it to that of Naples. The city was separated from the territory of Amalfi with which it had shared centuries of history and remained connected to it only through the archdiocese.

To date, Agerola still maintains its agricultural vocation and is famous for the production of fiordilatte. Typical products – such as the Piennolo tomatoes, the biscuit bread and the provolone del Monaco doc – are available in every delicatessen in the country.

Points of interest in the country are the Colonia Montana – where stood the castle of the General Avitabile, then transformed during the fascism in a summer camp for children – the Lauritano Castle, the Palazzo Acampora (Discover the Relax offer)

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